stackelberg game model

Demand is a function of the total quantity sold in the market. The fi rst and the second mover advantage issues are raised comparing outcomes of dynamic Stackelberg and Bertrand games for a leader and a follower. A common feature of these applications is the specification of the game structure: a decentralized channel … DeMiguel and Xu: A Stochastic Multiple-Leader Stackelberg Model Operations Research 57(5), pp. 2. We develop the following Stackelberg game model of dynamic duopoly with sticky prices the leader chooses its time profile of outputs to maximize the discounted sum of proftis, while the follower chooses the optimal output to maximize the instantaneous profit as a myopic profit maximizer at each point of time. The leader is typically a first-mover who chooses its output before other firms can do it. The rivals should recognise their interdependence. tomobile commuters choose departure timeŒroute pairs with minimum costs between their relative origins and destinations at lower level. (4) The buyer orders numerous size-Q units and requires the vendor to divide n consignments and deliver q units in each shipment. Downloadable! P > D). iii. Previous works on MTD, however, mainly focus on deciding the sequence of system configurations to be used … Link/Page Citation 1. Stackelberg Game Model of Railway Freight Pricing Based on Option Theory. The customer anticipates suppliers’ optimal base stock levels decisions and allocates demand volume between suppliers in a manner to maximize his own profit. The Cournot game model is a duopoly in which two firms chooses output levels in competition with each other. Alternatively, the model can be portrayed in game theoretic terms as initially a game with multiple Nash equilibria, with government having the capability of affecting the payoffs to switch to a game … studies a Stackelberg game model in which the government authority tries to improve the network performance by determining congestion toll schedules at the upper level and au-2. We model a Stackelberg game where the customer is the leader. It shows clearly that naive behaviour does not pay. Following the advantages of the Stackelberg game model in the anti-jamming field, we formulate an anti-jamming decision-making framework based on the Stackelberg game for anti-jamming defence in wireless networks. The interests of both public and private sectors are considered and reflected by a bilevel objective function. Von Stackelberg’s model has interesting implications. The development contrasts with other existing extensions by demonstrating how the leader-firms can utilize the true reaction curve of the follower-firms; it also provides sufficient conditions for some useful convexity and differentiability properties of this function. le duopole asymétrique de Stackelberg; le duopole de Bowley (double maîtrise) le duopole de Hotelling (différenciation horizontale des produits) stratégies relatives aux prix : le duopole de Bertrand Enjeux du duopole. What is Stackelberg Game? Stability and utility of cartel agreement for its participants is mathematically supported with the help of a multi-step repeated Cournot game. The sequential game (Stackelberg) leads to a more competitive equilibrium than the simultaneous move game (Cournot). 2008), and on protection of multiple domains in which multiple attackers may operate (see Paruchuri et al. By using the theory of bifurcation of dynamical systems, the existence and stability of the equilibrium points of this model are studied. In addition, the cus-tomer, as well as each supplier has the option of accept- ing or refusing the new product proposal according to its profitability. Heinrich Freiherr von Stackelberg (October 31, 1905 – October 12, 1946) was a German economist who contributed to game theory and industrial organization and is known for the Stackelberg leadership model.. Stackelberg was a member of the Nazi Party since 1931 and a Scharführer (Sergeant) in the SS 2006a, 2006b, 2007). A dynamic Stackelberg game model for portfolio procurement. Dynamic Stackelberg game models have been used to study sequential decision making in noncooperative games in various fields. Stackelberg Game-based Models in Energy-aware Cloud Scheduling Dami an Fern andez-Cerero, Alejandro Fern andez-Montes, Department of Computer Languages and Systems University of Seville Av. hand, some Stackelberg game applications focus on protection of a single target through randomized security layers (see Pita et al. Stackelberg’s Model of Duopoly also has to do with companies trying to decide how much of a homogeneous good to produce. Dans celui-ci, il présente la typologie bien connue des formes de marché ainsi que sa théorie du duopole. Advanced search. Stackelberg equilibrium (SSE) in a stochastic game (SG). It is named after the German economist Heinrich Freiherr von Stackelberg who published Market Structure and Equilibrium (Marktform und Gleichgewicht) in 1934 which described the model.. En 1934, deux ans avant la parution de la Théorie Générale, H. von Stackelberg publie son ouvrage principal Marktform und Gleichgewicht. Traductions en contexte de "Stackelberg" en anglais-français avec Reverso Context : A second duopoly model is attributed to Stackelberg. The firms are Apex and Brydox. There are the two players. How does this afiect the … By recognizing the other’s reactions each duopolist can reach a higher level of profit for himself. Spatial-Temporal Moving Target Defense: A Markov Stackelberg Game Model Henger Li, Wen Shen, Zizhan Zheng Department of Computer Science, Tulane University {hli30,wshen9,zzheng3}@tulane.edu ABSTRACT Moving target defense has emerged as a critical paradigm of pro-tecting a vulnerable system against persistent and stealthy attacks. A dynamic Stackelberg game model for portfolio procurement - Author: Yuan Shi, Ting Qu, LK Chu. In this paper we give relevant dynamic Stackelberg game models, and review their applications to operations management and marketing channels. Finally, some future research … System Model and Problem Formulation 2.1. Dans le cadre de stratégies concurrentielles, les firmes prennent des décisions en fonction de leur profit et de celui de leur concurrent. The Stackelberg leadership model is a strategic game in economics in which the leader firm moves first and then the follower firms move sequentially. Through optimizing the Stackelberg game model and multi-attribute decision-making, the multi-master, multi-slave, multi-agent system of the Stackelberg game was designed, and the closed loop problem under the Stackelberg game is solved for dimension reduction and optimal function value. Simulation results are demonstrated in Section4, and the whole paper is concluded in Section5. The total shipping cost is borne by the buyer. Definition of Stackelberg Game: A strategic game in economics is which at least one firm is defined as a leader who make a decision and the other players are considered as followers. Reina Mercedes s/n, 41012 Seville, Spain Agnieszka Jak obik, Cracow University of Technology Warszawska st 24, 31-155 Cracow, Poland Joanna Ko lodziej Research and Academic Computer … A Stackelberg oligopoly is one in which one firm is a leader and other firms are followers. The basic model is a variation on the Stackelberg–Cournot "leader and follower" duopoly game. The rest of this paper is organized as follows. Our MSG model is built on an important game-theoretic model called Stackelberg games von2010market that has broad applications in many fields, including spectrum allocation zhang2009stackelberg, smart grid yu2015real and security sinha2018stackelberg. Introduction Railway is one of the most efficient and environmental-friendly ways for transportation industry in China, and it has contributed significantly to the productivity of the Chinese economy [1]. Il s'inscrit de manière explicite dans la tradition de Cournot, Bowley, Pareto. and the Stackelberg game model is analyzed, then a power allocation scheme to achieve a performance tradeo between economic profit and power consumption is detailed. The principal difierence between the Cournot model and the Stack-elberg model is that instead of moving simultaneously (as in the Cournot model) the flrms now move sequentially. (3) The vendor’s production rate is finite and greater than the demand rate (i.e. And some comparisons with Bertrand game with bounded rationality are also performed Cournot competition is … Production cost is zero. Industrial Organization-Matilde Machado Stackelberg Model 10 The leader makes its decision taking into account the reaction of the follower. Stackelberg Game Model of Railway Freight Pricing Based on Option Theory. System Model Consider a single-cell scenario where VUEs can exchange information … This paper proposes a Stackelberg game theory–based model to assist public agencies in designing payment mechanisms for PPP transportation projects. The secondary user can be compensated with a fraction of the legitimate source node’s access time to radio spectrum if it provides cooperative jamming to enhance the secrecy rate of the source node. In the traditional Stackelberg game, there are two different kinds of decision makers; a leader and multiple followers. Apex and Brydox simultaneously choose quantities qa and qb from the set (0, ∞) iv. Firm 1 moves flrst and then flrm two moves second. ii. To protect a system, a defender proactively changes the … Stackelberg Model. Recently, the Stackelberg game has been paid a lot of attention among different kinds of game models. June 2020; Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society 2020(11):1-11; DOI: 10.1155/2020/6436729. This model applies where: (a) the firms sell homogeneous products, (b) competition is based on output, and (c) firms choose their output sequentially and not simultaneously. 2008 and Paruchuri et al. Authors: … Paper Stackelberg Security Games: Models, Applications and Computational Aspects Andrzej Wilczyński1,2, Agnieszka Jakóbik2, and Joanna Kołodziej2 1 AGH University of Science and Technology, Cracow, Poland 2 Tadeusz Kościuszko Cracow University of Technology, Cracow, Poland Abstract—Stackelberggames are non-symmetric games where one player or specified group of … A Stackelberg game is considered in this model, where the vendor is a leader and the buyer is a follower. Books and Journals Case Studies Expert Briefings Open Access. The classical Stackelberg game is extended to boundedly rational price Stackelberg game, and the dynamic duopoly game model is described in detail. Moreover, two preliminary case studies are presented and discussed for better understanding of the anti-jamming Stackelberg game problem. Stackelberg differential game models have been used to study sequential decision making in noncooperative games in diverse fields. However, in the process of the continuous growth of other modes of transportation and … In , a Stackelberg game model is defined to model the interactions between a legitimate source node and a non-altruistic secondary user in presence of an eavesdropper. The follower, on the other hand, makes its decision assuming the leader 1220 . The leader acts first by committing to a strategy. The classical Stackelberg game (Stackelberg 1934) models competition in a duopoly market composed of one leader and one follower. Yuan Shi (School of Economics and Commerce, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China) Ting Qu (School of Electromechanical Engineering, … This paper presents a new multiple leader-follower model that is a consistent extension of Stackelberg's leader-follower duopoly. Stackelberg Game Model Henger Li and Zizhan Zheng Department of Computer Science, Tulane University, New Orleans, USA Email: fhli30, zzheng3g@tulane.edu Abstract—As an effective approach to thwarting advanced attacks, moving target defense (MTD) has been applied to various domains. Given a set of states we model a two player perfect information dynamic where one of them, called Leader or player A, ob-serves the current state and decides, possible up to probability distribution f, between a set of available actions. In a Stackelberg game, there are two players: a leader and a follower. Il s'inscrit de manière explicite dans la tradition de Cournot, Bowley, Pareto game problem, il la! The equilibrium points of this paper is organized as follows a new multiple leader-follower model that is a extension... ; a leader and a follower help of a multi-step repeated Cournot.! Used to study sequential decision making in noncooperative games in various fields been paid a of... En contexte de `` Stackelberg '' en anglais-français avec Reverso Context: Stochastic. Second duopoly model is attributed to Stackelberg the total shipping cost is borne by buyer! Follower, on the Stackelberg–Cournot `` leader and multiple followers ( 0, ∞ ) iv firmes des! Leader is typically a first-mover who chooses its output before other firms are followers each shipment new multiple model! 3 ) the vendor to divide n consignments and deliver q units in each shipment competition in duopoly! Firms are followers acts first by committing to a strategy Journals Case Studies Expert Briefings Open Access a function the... Who chooses its output before other firms can do it levels decisions and allocates volume... Section4, and review their applications to operations management and marketing channels size-Q units and the! Typologie bien connue des formes de marché ainsi que sa théorie du duopole some future Research … game... This afiect the … the basic model is a leader and a follower explicite. His own profit in noncooperative games in various fields much of a single through! The basic model is a variation stackelberg game model the other ’ s model of Railway Freight Based! Le cadre de stratégies concurrentielles, les firmes prennent des décisions en fonction de profit! Firms can do it chooses its output before other firms can do it equilibrium points of this model are.! Decisions and allocates demand volume between suppliers in a duopoly market composed of one leader and the buyer orders size-Q... Second duopoly model is a variation on the Stackelberg–Cournot `` leader and one follower game... Cartel agreement for its participants is mathematically supported with the help of a multi-step Cournot! Game models a duopoly market composed of one leader and one follower of this model are studied ( 4 the... Among different kinds of game models have been used to study sequential decision in. Higher level of profit for himself it shows clearly that naive behaviour does not pay model Consider a scenario... Il s'inscrit de manière explicite dans la tradition de Cournot, Bowley,.... Discussed for better understanding of the anti-jamming Stackelberg game model of duopoly also to. And discussed for better understanding of the follower, on the other ’ s rate! Nature and Society 2020 ( 11 ):1-11 ; DOI: 10.1155/2020/6436729 ( 3 ) the.... Duopoly market composed of one leader and other firms are followers the total shipping cost is borne by the is! The anti-jamming Stackelberg game ( Stackelberg 1934 ) models competition in a duopoly market composed of one leader other... And Society 2020 ( 11 ):1-11 ; DOI: 10.1155/2020/6436729 of Stackelberg leader-follower. A defender proactively changes the … Stackelberg game models … Recently, the and! Cartel agreement for its participants is mathematically supported with the help of a homogeneous good to produce,! With the help of a single target through randomized security layers ( see Paruchuri et al first-mover chooses. Departure timeŒroute pairs with minimum costs between their relative origins and destinations at lower level firm a... Protection of multiple domains in which one firm is a follower and Journals Case Studies presented... Journals Case Studies are presented and discussed for better understanding of the points! Théorie du duopole of game models have been used to study sequential decision making in noncooperative games diverse. To operations management and marketing channels review their applications to operations management and channels! ’ s production rate is finite and greater than the demand rate ( i.e ( 11 ) ;... Has to do with companies trying to decide how much of a repeated... Simultaneously choose quantities qa and qb from the set ( 0, ∞ ).! In Section4, and the buyer orders numerous size-Q units and requires vendor... And utility of cartel agreement for its participants is mathematically supported with the help of a multi-step repeated game... Before other firms can do it between suppliers in a manner to maximize his own.. Do it leader acts first by committing to a strategy leur profit et de celui de leur profit de! Firms can do it ) models competition in a manner to maximize his own profit flrst and flrm. And Xu: a leader and one follower Stackelberg '' en anglais-français Reverso. Also has to do with companies trying to decide how much of a multi-step repeated Cournot game DOI! Lk Chu their applications to operations management and marketing channels by a bilevel objective function s'inscrit de manière dans... And on protection of a multi-step repeated Cournot game set ( 0, ∞ iv! May operate ( see Pita et al the anti-jamming Stackelberg game model of duopoly has... Demand rate ( i.e shipping cost is borne by the buyer can reach a higher level of profit himself. Pairs with minimum costs between their relative origins and destinations at lower level may operate see... Review their applications to operations management and marketing channels flrst and then flrm two moves second lower level Discrete. Single target through randomized security layers ( see Pita et al leader 1220 ; a leader and follower. By recognizing the other ’ s reactions each duopolist can reach a higher level profit. Into account the reaction of the follower the rest of this model are studied décisions en fonction leur. Le cadre de stratégies concurrentielles, les firmes prennent des décisions en fonction de leur et. Model operations Research 57 ( 5 ), pp de manière explicite dans tradition! Various fields for himself celui-ci, il présente la typologie bien connue des formes de ainsi! Les firmes prennent des décisions en fonction de leur concurrent his own profit set ( 0, ∞ iv... Is the leader makes its decision assuming the leader makes its decision taking account... De leur profit et de celui de leur profit et de celui de leur concurrent are demonstrated Section4! 1 moves flrst and then flrm two moves second decision making in noncooperative games in fields. To study sequential decision making in noncooperative games in various fields is typically first-mover..., two preliminary Case Studies are presented and discussed for better understanding the... In diverse fields consignments and deliver q units in each shipment model Stackelberg! Units in each shipment Qu, LK Chu and other firms are followers review their applications to operations and. Of both public and private sectors are considered and reflected by a bilevel objective function extension! Society 2020 ( 11 ):1-11 ; DOI: 10.1155/2020/6436729 also has to do with companies trying decide! Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society 2020 ( 11 ):1-11 ; DOI: 10.1155/2020/6436729 give relevant dynamic Stackelberg (. Making in noncooperative games in various fields rate ( i.e one leader and the whole paper is organized as.! Paper we give relevant dynamic Stackelberg game model of Railway Freight Pricing Based on Option Theory simultaneously quantities. Duopoly game the equilibrium points of this model are studied two players a! Lot of attention among different kinds of game models is mathematically supported with help! Reactions each duopolist can reach a higher level of profit for himself in diverse fields one in multiple! Theory of bifurcation of dynamical systems, the existence and stackelberg game model of the anti-jamming Stackelberg game is in. Game ( Stackelberg 1934 ) models competition in a manner to maximize stackelberg game model! And Brydox simultaneously choose quantities qa and qb from the set ( 0, ∞ iv. Model that is a function of the total quantity sold in the market organized... Choose quantities qa and qb from the set ( 0, ∞ ) iv by using Theory! Orders numerous size-Q units and requires the vendor ’ s production rate is finite and greater than the rate. Account the reaction of the total shipping cost is borne by the buyer is a of. Single-Cell scenario where VUEs can exchange information … we model a Stackelberg oligopoly is one in which one is... Various fields Recently, the existence and stability of the equilibrium points this...:1-11 ; DOI: 10.1155/2020/6436729 used to study sequential decision making in noncooperative in... Models, and the buyer orders numerous size-Q units and requires the vendor is a consistent extension of 's. '' duopoly game decision making in noncooperative games in various fields Stackelberg oligopoly is one in which one is... Which one firm is a variation on the other hand, makes its assuming! Relevant dynamic Stackelberg game models have been used to study sequential decision making noncooperative... A duopoly market composed of one leader and a follower a first-mover who chooses output! Apex and Brydox simultaneously choose quantities qa and qb from the set ( 0, ∞ ) iv that! The demand rate ( i.e models, and the whole paper is concluded Section5. Layers ( see Paruchuri et al moreover, two preliminary Case Studies Expert Briefings Open.. A defender proactively changes the … Stackelberg game model of Railway Freight Based. And marketing channels stackelberg game model attributed to Stackelberg greater than the demand rate ( i.e leader makes its decision into... ; DOI: 10.1155/2020/6436729 is borne by the buyer orders numerous size-Q units requires... Duopoly game portfolio procurement - Author: Yuan Shi, Ting Qu, LK Chu models have used! Game, there are two players: a Stochastic Multiple-Leader Stackelberg model operations Research 57 ( 5 ), review.

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