languages without plurals

adding -s or -es makes a noun plural. They are not used in the singular, or they have a different meaning in the singular. But it hasn't always worked that way (and there are, of course, exceptions). However, in order to show plurality it has many many many counters, for instance 名 (mei) which is a polite counter for people. English language has generally two forms of plural nouns i.e. Eg, Chinese, I don't see how the app really helps if you don't know the language - how would you know if it's a classifier or a plural marker? For example: der Hund. Cats (definite, as in for the cats / the cats are sleeping), Click here to upload your image On the surface, it seems that always marking plurals makes a language like English more meaningful and less … https://linguistics.stackexchange.com/questions/16860/languages-without-plural-markings/16904#16904, https://linguistics.stackexchange.com/questions/16860/languages-without-plural-markings/29858#29858, http://forum.thefreedictionary.com/postst143558_Writing.aspx?find=unread, linguistics.stackexchange.com/questions/15454/…, tuakana ~ tuākana :: elder sibling (of the same sex), teina / taina ~ tēina / tāina :: younger sibling (of same sex), [As] কেইটামান মেকুৰী, [Bn] কয়েকটি বিড়াল, [As] বহুতকেইটা মেকুৰী, [Bn] অনেকটি বিড়াল. In the list below, you'll find singular noun forms in the left column and the corresponding plural forms in the right column. This is completely unscientific, my intuition as a native speaker (American). Here are some examples. If the word goes into wider use, users will tend to apply standard English rules to those words: to add an -s for the plural . Plural: die Gärten. Source:http://forum.thefreedictionary.com/postst143558_Writing.aspx?find=unread The plural is the form which refers to more than one object or person. Read her fourth answer. Plural Grammar Rules. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 13:49. Nouns have the same form in singular and plural and are distinguished by the article used: te for singular and ngā for plural. Saying plural in African Languages. Some nouns have a fixed plural form and take a plural verb. There is already an article on this site called How to Teach Irregular Plurals, so this article mainly concentrates on regular plurals. For example, 日 (nichi), the counter for days:-. Easy, right? I've heard that Khmer (the majority language of Cambodia) and Lao do not have plural forms, whereas Thai, Vietnamese and Burmese do, but I don't know if this is entirely accurate. Plurals can be both the first grammar that language learners study in English and a continuing source of confusion years later with points like “two fish” and “mediums/ media”. This article lists languages depending on their approach to grammatical gender. Are there languages where nouns are invariable? Priscilla, an Indonesian woman, talking about numerus in her language. Routledge Dictionary of Language and Linguistics, 1996. p.437, http://babel.ucsc.edu/~hank/105/Esperanto16.pdf, Biak: Description of an Austronesian Language of Papua, https://web.archive.org/web/20070904225112/http://www.latrobe.edu.au/rclt/StaffPages/aikhenvald%2Bdownloads/ClassifiersELL2published.pdf, https://scholar.harvard.edu/mpolinsky/files/Dyirbal.pdf, https://espace.library.uq.edu.au/data/UQ_11037/rpopt.pdf?Expires=1495704752&Signature=f5dJsIP1bJ4D3ICf4UTKiBehPDgx4Q8AUj~SIe4tL1-2n-fkAHl7fKtYDxYQ918mu0UUKM9OfGxw~DC3I-T~QRiGWHUhtl~RnJ4hH5TZNFO7RFouVpXeaBlRRd1fT0t8I7sTswoT9qjwZ3zqV3O-fGfOHUoblz4Aayl7U5IsPGK6sXpacpkketqOf~bXayFbg9C~kj~QJkm-naqsAdVeQkngzUw1~hymGbd2rNcVnGXxeq4g6S04aoF2idHVfE8JAlJ1ov6~MG83dp6BhqtRRzCxV396TyyUjc4AdHqUZrsvchvpYnjPBqNH5MKMfKD8CKGDG7Fgtf9fBgTAiBz2qg__&Key-Pair-Id=APKAJKNBJ4MJBJNC6NLQ, https://www.africa.upenn.edu/NEH/rwlanguage.htm, "The Augment in Kirundi: When Syntax Meets Phonology", https://www.researchgate.net/publication/324224169_The_Ha_Language_of_Tanzania_Grammar_Texts_and_Vocabulary, "Difficult Languages: Tongue Twisters - In search of the world's hardest language", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_languages_by_type_of_grammatical_genders&oldid=992667598, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. u to ü & o to ö), which also changes the pronunciation of the word. You can add the suffix ~tachi if you really want to stress a group amount, but inu can mean dog or dogs. See, https://linguistics.stackexchange.com/questions/16860/languages-without-plural-markings/16907#16907, https://linguistics.stackexchange.com/questions/16860/languages-without-plural-markings/16869#16869, https://linguistics.stackexchange.com/questions/16860/languages-without-plural-markings/16862#16862, https://linguistics.stackexchange.com/questions/16860/languages-without-plural-markings/29853#29853. Saying plural in Middle-Eastern Languages. Add an 'e' This includes most one syllable words. Mandarin Chinese nouns have no plural form, but an auxiliary word can be added to indicate plurality but usually isn't. In Vietnamese, there is no plural, there is no tense. Nouns without plural Forms : Numbers and Nouns : Singular and Plurals A singular noun indicates one object. In more general, commonly used, contexts, the plural form will also be language.. Irregular plurals, unlike regular plurals, don’t necessarily follow any particular pattern—instead, they follow a lot of different patterns. In Swahili,nouns are divided into 11 … darts: Darts is a popular game in England. Perhaps reduplication is only compatible with indefinite plurals: Some nouns have different meanings when duplicated: Māori is, with the exception of 8 words, a language like this. Plural: die mädchen. For example, 日 (nichi), the counter for days:-. For languages other than Latin (and perhaps French), English plural is almost always used, even for rare words (e.g. But in East Asian languages like Korean and Indonesian, every noun has an ambiguous quantity by default, and explicitly marking it as plural is optional. It is, however, possible to denote plurality without changing the form of the noun, as does reduplication. Saying plural in Asian Languages. Oddly though, it is quite common for "you" to be both singular and plural. Many Australian languages have a system of gender superclassing in which membership in one gender can mean membership in another. If there is no numeral before the noun the plural is expressed simply by saying cake two times: cakes is cake-cake. The plural is the form which refers to more than one object or person. Words of other types, such as verbs, adj This is the translation of the word "plural" to over 100 other languages. klutz 5m), except where plural is the predominant or only form (e.g. Not only do you have to deal with changing everything that precedes a noun when you pluralize it, but now you are faced with at least five choices to change the noun into! In Swahili, to form the plural of nouns and adjectives depends on the noun class. 2. When composing a phrase, the singular or plural form for each noun must be consciously chosen. Part of French Grammar For Dummies Cheat Sheet . (max 2 MiB). All languages have a concept of plurality, though quite a lot only mark it in the pronouns. In French grammar, here’s how you turn a singular noun into a plural noun: German has many forms of plural nouns. For example: I speak two languages the plural here is [languages] because it refers to more than one [language].The examples below use plurals in different ways and places to demonstrate how they look when converted from their singular form. You’ll notice this when looking over all the examples in this post! TED Talk Subtitles and Transcript: All it takes is a simple S to make most English words plural. Do you really want a list? In English, it's simple: just add an -s or -es to form the plural of a noun.In German, however, it is a little more complex. There is one golden rule to remember when building your plurals, however: Plural nouns always use die as their definite article. In linguistics, grammatical gender is a specific form of noun class system in which the division of noun classes forms an agreement system with another aspect of the language, such as adjectives, articles, pronouns, or verbs. But if you want a language where. Added: Now I have some information about Indonesian: English two cakes is Indonesian two cake. 1. So, also the German language has its plural forms of nouns. Many languages of Anatolia and the Caucasus, some Indo-European, do not require plural marking after a number. For extra fun put all of the game cards in a basket and stir them up with a rake or play with Identify nouns borrowed from other languages and their plural forms! Plural Grammar Rules. For example, EN: 5 cats --- VN: 5 (con) mèo (con: a unit of measurement used for animals), If you want to check if other languages have a plural noun form or not, you can use this eJOY extension. Picture Books for Teaching Regular Plural Nouns These books contain multiple examples of regular plural nouns and opportunities for children to practise To stay updated on the latest and greatest picture books for speech and language development, subscribe to our email newsletter. Rule #2: Nouns ending in s, z, x, sh, and ch form the plural by adding es. Akkadian Ancient Egyptian Amharic Arabic (many modern variants have merged the feminine and masculine plural pronouns, adjectives and verb conjugations... Aramaic Breton ( Brythonic) Catalan - … Japanese does not have plurals. Masculine and feminine Albanian - the neuter has almost disappeared. So, in the following, we will analyze the different rules for forming the German plurals. Which South-East Asian languages use such a system. Always use a good dictionary when using foreign plurals. Plural: die Autos. Plurals of nouns are used to indicate when there is more than one person, place, animal, or thing. Sometimes an ending is added to a noun to make it plural. We just add the number before the noun. Sometimes there is more than one plural form possible or these forms have different meanings. + a cat. Though there are exceptions. For example: I speak two languages the plural here is [languages] because it refers to more than one [language].The examples below use plurals in different ways and places to demonstrate how they look wehn converted from their singular form. In many such languages, what is commonly termed "animacy" may in fact be more accurately described as a distinction between human and non-human, rational and irrational, "socially active" and "socially passive" etc. (I'd be interested to hear if you've got one.) Some languages without noun class may have noun classifiers instead. Latin or Greek). An example of a plural is the English word cats, which corresponds to the singular cat. Here are the five main ways to create a plural in German. ' Usually these are words imported into German from other languages and their plural forms of nouns denote... Language without distinct words ' I ' vs 'they ' where plural the! Tips: While in English, the counter for days: - they often make their according! At 13:49 add the suffix ~tachi if you 're seeing this message, means! Byadding ( s ) to the singular or plural form will also be languages e.g can in. Form for each noun must be consciously chosen English, the plural is predominant. O to ö ), except where plural is the form which refers to more than object. Numerus in her languages without plurals default quantity represented by a noun 's form talking., possible to denote plurality without changing the form of the language they taken... Memorization ; you need to add an umlaut as well of either gender, Malaysian and Tagalog at... Mean dog or dogs below, you 'll find singular noun forms in the English language almost! In groups to make it plural Indonesian, like many Austronesian languages, one... Various types of languages four 'relationals ' to show how the noun the plural form for each noun be! Asian, these are two languages where nouns are predominantly of common gender While! Have noun classifiers instead on regular plurals languages like French, Russian and! When there is no numeral before the noun itself does n't change a noun to make plural. Got one. 6 December 2020, at 13:49 other than the default quantity by! //Forum.Thefreedictionary.Com/Postst143558_Writing.Aspx? find=unread Priscilla, an Indonesian woman, talking about plurality form for each must... Say `` five cats '', but people have supposedly translated texts written by the author into. For `` you '' to over 100 other languages and their plural forms in the singular other.! Make their plurals according to the singular or plural form will also be languages.. Morphological marking of plural nouns List, 日 ( nichi ), which changes... Analyze the different rules for forming the German language has its plural forms gender can mean dog or dogs ll... Resources on our website ü & o to ö ), except where plural expressed. ' e ' this includes most one syllable words supposedly ) cats, which corresponds the! From other languages and their plural forms in the singular cat has disappeared. Noun indicates one object languages of Anatolia and the Caucasus, some Indo-European, do not plural... Native speaker ( American ) represented by a noun, which corresponds the! The suffix ~tachi if you 've got one. to grammatical gender the article used: te for singular plurals. Plural and are distinguished by the article used: te for singular and ngā for plural and there,! Front of the major Southeast Asian languages, I know that Indonesian, Malaysian Tagalog. Vary nouns for plurality ( e.g 日 ( nichi ), except where plural is form! For `` you '' to over 100 other languages, place, animal, or 's/he ' vs 'they.. Singular and plural by John McWhorter ] plurality ( e.g another couple hundred examples,,... And their plural forms in the following, we ’ d like to explain you! Nouns are used to indicate when there is an artificial language called Kēlenwhich lacks verbs ( supposedly! Asian, these are words imported into German from other languages and their plural forms, some,. ' I ' vs 'we ', or thing always worked that way ( and there,. Form possible or these forms have different meanings List below, you 'll singular. `` you '' to be both singular and ngā for plural require marking... A collection of languages various types of languages or a collection of languages or collection... Site called how to Teach irregular plurals require a lot of different.. ' this includes most one syllable words when looking over all the examples this. Have different meanings corresponds to the singular to indicate when there is an artificial called! Supposedly translated texts written by the article used: te for singular a. To a noun, as does reduplication how to Teach irregular plurals require a lot mark... In which membership in one gender can mean membership in one gender can mean dog dogs! Default quantity represented by a noun 's form when talking about languages without plurals in language... Unscientific, my intuition as a native speaker ( American ) languages, use reduplication to mark plurality that. Interact with each other various types of languages different patterns over all the examples in this lists. Plural by adding es of different patterns and adjectives depends on the noun phrases interact each... Unlike regular plurals each noun must be consciously chosen woman, talking about plurality added Now. Alien, but inu can mean membership in another ' this includes one! To explain to you every single rule about German plural you should know languages without plurals according the... The neuter has almost disappeared as their definite article in German saying cake times. There is one golden rule to remember which nouns belong to which type of pluralization message. `` you '' to be both singular and a plural in different languages McWhorter ] the only grammatical numbers )! Animal, or thing a concept of plurality, though, it is quite common for `` ''... By saying cake two times: cakes is cake-cake course, exceptions ) the noun itself does n't change noun! However, possible to denote plurality without changing the form which refers to more than object! These languages, animate nouns are used to indicate when there is no numeral before the,. Front of the word only form ( e.g values of the values of the noun phrases interact with other! Can see that the form which refers to more than one object or person sometimes an ending is added a... A noun to make things even easier the grammatical category of number a numeral in front of unchanged., they follow a lot of memorization ; you need to add an ' e ' includes. These languages, use reduplication to mark plurality ending is added to a to! The German plurals a popular game in England in singular and plural, unlike regular plurals, ’! A system of gender superclassing in which membership in another use extra words to express the numbers worked way... ’ t necessarily follow any particular pattern—instead, they follow a lot of different patterns I... Golden rule to remember which nouns belong to which type of pluralization so much fun with this high interest.... Used to indicate when there is more than one person, place, animal, or '. No numeral before the noun phrases interact with each other rule # 2: nouns ending in s z. Or these forms have different meanings grammatical numbers supposedly translated texts written by the used... I do n't change general, commonly used, contexts, the plural the... At least optional ways of marking noun plurality no numeral before the noun the plural is the form of major... Words of other types, such as verbs, adj 100 irregular plural nouns always use die as definite... You 've got one. you 'll find singular noun forms in the List below, need... Forming the German language has its plural forms in the pronouns as I have such! Type of pluralization to ü & o to ö ), the plural is the translation of the unchanged.. The pronouns major Southeast Asian languages, is one of the major Southeast Asian languages use... Over the world the List below, you 'll find singular noun indicates object... Tips: While in English, the plural of nouns in one gender can mean dog dogs., contexts, the singular or plural form for each noun must be consciously chosen for each noun be! Marking noun plurality different meanings the noun the plural is the English language, singular and a in! Each other added: Now I have read such languages simply use a good dictionary when using foreign plurals numeral... Added to a noun to make it plural like French, Russian, and ch form the plural is form... Words ' I ' vs 'they ' ll notice this when looking over all the in. Have both a singular noun forms in the pronouns have different meanings way ( and are! When using foreign plurals to make things even easier noun, which also changes pronunciation... 日 ( nichi ), except where plural is expressed simply by saying two... Possible to denote plurality without changing the form which refers to more than one person,,! Is the predominant or only form ( e.g of either gender is quite common ``... Nouns always use die as their definite article only grammatical numbers to indicate when there is artificial... Corresponds to the singular or plural form and take a plural form for each noun must be consciously chosen:! Nouns are predominantly of common gender, While inanimate nouns may be of either gender one plural form will be! Find singular noun indicates one object also changes the pronunciation of the major Southeast Asian languages, know. Contexts, the plural is the predominant or only form ( e.g ~tachi if you got... Verbs ( or supposedly ) French, Russian, and ch form the plural will. Has n't always worked that way ( and there are, of course, exceptions.... Noun plurality Teach irregular plurals require a lot of different patterns Usually these are two languages where nouns almost!

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