indigenous trees in zimbabwe

13 likes. In this regard, communities have benefitted, including domestic and wild animals. Pine Trees Day Nursery. Although hardwood trees are not Pictured right: Exotic Cassia at Ilala Palms Lodge. It has fragrant white flowers in spring which attract birds, bees and butterflies. Characteristics: Unmistakable huge tree with an average girth of up to 18m (there is a record specimen with a girth of 47m), growing up to 25m, with a smooth bark; it has large, white, pendulous flowers that emerge briefly in early summer; when baobabs die, they collapse into a vegetative heap and rot; the most well-known tree in the Victoria Falls area is the "Big Tree" baobab on Zambezi River Drive. Animal associations: Fallen fruits enjoyed by many animals, especially elephants, which will walk for long distances to feed on the ripe fruit, even shaking the trees to make the fruit fall; elephants also strip the bark to eat it and will feed on the roots during times of drought; most browsers eat the leaves; the poisonous larvae of the Polyclada beetle live on this tree and are used by bushmen to prepare arrow poison. Baobab trees can be found in dry regions and have the capacity to store large amounts of water to carry it through periods of drought and climate-related stresses. Mupfura (Sh); Umganu (Nd) The Seed Centre is there to provide advisory services to its clients which include: • Seed handling • Germination techniques • Seed pre-treatment and methods of breaking seed dormancy Animal associations: The leaves have a high nutritional value and are eaten by most browsers - even when fallen; they are particularly favoured by elephants; the insect Pytelus grossus sucks sap from this tree (among others), extracts the sugars and sheds water as a by-product - when the trees have large populations of these insects, the water dropped creates a localised "rain" beneath the tree. The Nguni African legend says the thorns tell us something about ourselves - that we must look ahead to the future ... but we must never forget where we have come from. Nowadays, the main threat to these indigenous hardwoods, is human greed and expansionist tendencies in the form of commercial logging, mainly from foreign companies. Muremberembe (Sh); Isihaqa (Nd) Traditional or medicinal uses: Used to treat diarrhoea in cattle and syphilis in humans; stubborn wounds may be treated with the gum; used extensively for building huts and fencing because it is termite-resistant; makes an excellent firewood that produces long-lasting coals and an aromatic smoke. Mungenge (Sh) Muchiva; Umtshibi (Nd) Teak, just to name a few. Learn how your comment data is processed. Traditional or medicinal uses: The beautiful pinkish-brown colour makes it a sought-after carving wood; it is used particularly in the carvings of hippos found at the Victoria Falls craft village; the scarlet flesh surrounding the seeds is removed in warm water and either eaten or made into a nourishing drink while the seeds themselves are roasted, pounded and then eaten as a porridge. The sausage-like fruits have medicinal properties and can also be used in a traditional brew. Nurseries have been established in the cities in Zimbabwe with hundreds of indigenous trees and grass species with medicinal properties. Characteristics: Majestic evergreen tree with contrasting black and creamy pink bark - the black having the appearance of fire damage; occurs in dry forest on Kalahari sands; leaves are dark glossy green and have two leaflets resembling the symmetrical wings of a butterfly; the fruit is a dark woody pod, which splits to expose a hanging seed covered in bright scarlet flesh. As part of a consortium of carbon sinks, indigenous trees have also contributed a significant chunk of traditional fruits, food stuffs and medicinal substances, sufficient enough to form a comprehensive network and inventory of the indigenous knowledge systems (IKS). This climber plant is called in shona Manyanya.People in many parts of Zimbabwe feed on the roots of this beautiful wild climbing plant. There are two types of trees Indigenous which grow naturally in Zimbabwe and Exotic which come from other countries Examples of Inigenous Trees in Zimbabwe Msasa, Mnondo, Mobola Plum, Bloodwood, Monkeybread and Cabbage Tree This clearly underscores the role of forest conservation and restoration. The dark brown to grey bark is fissured and flaking.Birds, such as the Red-billed Wood Hoopoe, enjoy probing under the bark for insects. The cassia (pictured above) and the flame tree (in the background) are characteristic of Victoria Falls and come into full bloom in early summer. The indigenous species cited as being used for shade are A. erioloba, A. quanzensis, Albizia versicolor, Celtis africana, Olea europaea, F. albida, Halleria lucida, K. anthotheca, Kigelia Africana, S. birrea, Schinus molle and Trichlia emetica. Animal associations: Young branches are sometimes browsed by animals; seeds are popular with birds and are also fed upon by insects. Mupandapanda (Sh); Idungamuzi (Nd) Indigenous hardwoods have managed to survive in the face of climate change and it is advisable to take lessons from their survival as test cases. This is a list of Southern African trees, shrubs, suffrutices, geoxyles and lianes, and is intended to cover Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. WHY I WOULD’NT WANT MY SONS TO MARRY A COLOURED WOMAN! Traditional or medicinal uses: Leaves may be cooked and eaten; the fruits are cracked to yield brown seeds coated with a powdery pulp that is high in tartaric acid and vitamin C and are sucked for refreshment or soaked in milk to make a wonderful drink; the bark is used to weave mats, bags and hats. Characteristics: Easily recognised by the very fat knobs on the trunk and branches, particularly in younger trees; in late winter and early spring, the bare tree produces an abundance of creamy, white, flower spikes which are exquisitely fragrant; the leaflets are larger than in other acacias and noticeably round. There is a local myth that anyone plucking the flower of a baobab will be eaten by a lion. Traditional or medicinal uses: Fruits are high in vitamin C and are eaten raw or made into a jelly; marula fruit are used to make beer and in the production of two liqueurs - and can be used as an insecticide; the fruit stone contains two or more seeds, which are delicious and their high protein content makes them a delicacy; the oil extracted from the seeds is an excellent skin moisturiser and effective sunblock; the bark is used in the treatment of diarrhoea. It grows in hot, dry and low-lying areas. Acknowledgements. Most of the indigenous fruit trees are found in forests or grazing areas but the popularity of Ziziphus mauritiana, Azanza garkeana (Shona: mutohwe) Uapaca kirkiana, Strychnos sp., Ximenia sp., (Shona: tsvanzva or nhengeni) Ficus sp. Animal associations: The leaves and fallen fruit are very nutritious and are eaten by antelope; impala even eat the fallen leaves while monkeys, baboons and birds eat the fruits; the female long-horn beetle rings the bark of the terminal branches in which she lays her eggs - the larvae hatch and feed off the dead wood. Graves are often covered with the branches of this tree to protect the ancestral spirits while many rural communities believe that the tree is a lightning protector. The Tree Society of Zimbabwe does not claim to have any expertise in any of these areas, we refer you to nurseries and where we think there is help/ advice offered. The Medicinal Plant protection group sponsors the projects. 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